Monday, August 13, 2012

Mediocrity and the airline industry: a follow-up

Lockheed L-100 Hercules via San Diego Air and Space Museum Archives

This is a follow-up to my recent post on dealing with what I've lately been perceiving as the mediocrity of Delta Airlines.

On trip to D.C. last week, I ended up sitting next to an older gentleman who, from now on, I'll refer to as M. He and I had a very nice conversation that lasted most of the flight, chatting about our professions, what we studied in school, and other things. I quickly learned that M. just so happened to be a senior pilot for Delta, so I took the opportunity to ask him some probably rather atypical questions about the airline industry, flying, customer experiences, you know, the typical market research type stuff. (Later, when I revealed to him what it is I do for a living, he said he wasn't surprised given the types of questions I posed.)

M. has been a pilot with Delta for 22 years and was heading to a conference about aviation safety. I won't relive the entire conversation here, partially because I can't remember most of it. But I do want to share a few points that I wrote down field notes-style during a pause in our discussion. I think they are worth noting because they changed my perceptions and expectations around the potential for the customer experience when flying Delta.Oh, what a little bit of perspective can do...
  • M. estimates that only about 10% of flight delays are do to actual human incompetence, while everything else is the result of uncontrollable factors like the weather.
  • Regional carrier outsourcing (i.e., when Delta sells its regional business to smaller companies) has led to a poorer customer experience because of lower standards and a lack of quality control. With these companies, the rate of incompetence increases to an estimated 30%.
  • Many of the planes are understaffed, another cause of poor customer experiences.
  • He feels that one of the best things Delta can do for customers who have been inconvenienced in some way is for the pilot to intervene, make his or her presence known to passengers, and apologize for any delays.
On the flip-side:
  • M. feels that Delta has become much more customer-focused than they were in the past. He cites better marketing and technological improvements (e.g., Delta's mobile app, self check-in kiosks) as examples.
  • Delta also focuses more on its employees than they used to; he says that keeping them happy is key to customer happiness.
  • They could do better at keeping customers informed about flight statuses, inclement weather, etc., to mitigate any frustration on the customer end. Yes, even though the delays are most often not their fault.
  • Also, fuel costs a lot of money. So much that Delta has purchased its own refinery to save some cheese. This leads to cost-cutting measures like baggage fees and fewer on-board amenities, so customers have to carry the brunt of the burden. No news here, except the thing about Delta buying its own refinery (this makes total sense to me, but what do I know?).
Before finding out that I do market research, M. actually took the time to ask my opinion about some of the issues at hand. Of course, I had no shortage of responses; I tried to be honest, yet my goal was also to listen to his perspective on things in order to have a better, more informed opinion of my own. M. also happened to have an MBA, so our discussion about the customer experience and marketing strategies (after I revealed my hidden identity) was an enlightening one.

I enjoyed getting the perspective of someone who deals with Delta's logistics and inner-workings on a regular, first-hand basis. It got me thinking about things I had not considered in the past during all of my griping reflections on my recent Delta experiences. I appreciated M.'s honesty about how he thinks Delta can continue to improve the customer experience, but also that he defended his company and the good things it tries to do. It takes a lot of guts for a company to admit fault, but it's a whole new ball game when it's willing to alleviate the stresses and frustrations of customers that are caused by something that's not even its fault to begin with. I still feel that there are no excuses for some of the things I've seen and experienced while flying (overbooked flights, regional outsourcing, etc.), but from now on I'll continue to try and be more open-minded when it comes to my expectations for flying with Delta, and possibly other carriers as well.

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